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From Wreck To Check How The Legal Process Works After a Car Wreck

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Here’s the beginning to a story we hear often at our personal injury law firm:

” I was driving to work.  I was stopped at a red light.  Then, out of nowhere, a car slammed into the back of me.  The police and an ambulance came and I was taken to the hospital because I had pain shooting down my neck and back.  I didn’t speak to the driver of the car that hit me, or anyone else who might have seen the wreck.  I was later discharged from the hospital but I’m still in a lot of pain.  My medical bills from the hospital are piling up and I don’t know what to do to get better.  I also missed several days of work while in the hospital, my car is no longer drivable, and I can’t afford a rental car. ”

As you can see, it gets messy quick. Not much out there can abruptly disrupt your day-to-day life more than a car wreck. You’re going about your business just like every other day and then somebody slams into you because he was in a hurry, or more likely, he was sending that text that just couldn’t wait (sidebar: it amazes me that we still don’t have statewide legislation regarding texting-while-driving, but that’s another topic for another day). All of a sudden, on top of dealing with the normal stresses of everyday life, you now have both medical and legal hurdles to clear.

The rest of the story depends on whether that person decides to get help for his/her medical and legal issues.

For the physical pain, two things are critical: (1) finding the right team of medical providers, and (2) following doctors’ orders (if you need some advice on who to see for your injuries, give us a shout). Not only will doing both greatly enhance your physical well-being, but it will also support your claims against the insurance companies—which is where we come in. By the way, if you are represented by a lawyer for your personal injury, you can usually find medical providers who will work under “letters of protection”—meaning the doctors get paid out of the final settlement with the insurance company and/or defendant, instead of billing you during treatment.

And now for your legal battle. “Individual vs. Insurance Company” is the most lopsided fight of all time—at least David had a slingshot. Not only do insurance companies have a huge advantage in terms of resources, but they also have the psychological edge as they have spent millions on marketing campaigns to convince you that they are there for you. Think about it for a second—“like a good neighbor,” “you’re in good hands,” “peace of mind.” If your neighbor ever treated you the way the insurance company is about to treat you, I suggest relocation. Please always remember that the insurance companies are here for one reason—to make money. The more they pay you, the less they make, and therein lies the rub. Having the right legal team in your corner will help level the playing field.

The first insurance company you will make a claim against is the insurance company for the driver that hit you. If you were not able to get his insurance information at the scene of the wreck but the police were called, that information should be in the police report. All Texas drivers are required to have some car insurance (at least $30,000 of coverage), which means of course that only about 5-out-of-6 drivers actually do. If the person that hit you falls into the 1-out-of-6 group, you have to skip this step. But if that driver is covered by some form of car insurance, and you have completed your medical treatment, we can begin negotiating with this insurance company regarding how much they should pay for its client’s negligence. During these negotiations, the most that the insurance company will offer is the amount of its customer’s policy (likely $30,000 in the typical wreck). But those negotiations will not be easy (remember, this insurance company is not your good neighbor, it’s the other driver’sgood neighbor). You might get blamed for the wreck (yes, even in the hypothetical rear-end collision above). You might get blamed for faking your injuries. You might get blamed for over-treating with your doctors. I say “might” because occasionally I don’t hear these arguments. But if you and/or your legal team are successful in these negotiations and you are able to convince the insurance company to pay their policy limits, you can move on to Step 2—your own insurance company.

This is where that romantic notion that “at least I can fall back on my own insurance company” always ends. You now face a fight that’s disturbingly similar to the one you just won—convincing your own insurance company that you were not responsible for the wreck and that you really did get hurt. Here, however, there are two important distinctions to keep in mind:

  • (1) your own insurance company owes you a duty of good faith and fair dealing, and (
  • 2) your insurance company’s obligation to help is only triggered if you have previously contracted for uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage, or “UIM coverage.” Again, this is where it’s very helpful to have the right legal team in place to make sure your insurance company honors its duty to treat you fairly.

This brings me to my shameless plug for UIM coverage. The most important thing you need to do today is call your insurance agent and ask for your policy limits on your UIM coverage for you and your family, and ask how much it will cost you to increase those limits. Here’s why.

Let’s continue our hypothetical from above and assume that you have $100,000 in damages (medical bills, lost earning capacity, pain and suffering, etc.). The most you are likely going to be able to recover from the other guy’s insurance company is $30,000. You then turn to your own insurance company because the other driver was “underinsured” and discover that you only have $30,000 of UIM coverage. That leaves you with a $40,000 deficit of damages you’ve incurred because of somebody else’s negligence but that no one is going to pay for. If you had increased your own UIM coverage to, say, $100,000, which surprisingly does not cost you as much as you might think, you would have been covered.

Of course, most cases are not as clear cut or as simple as the hypothetical. Sometimes people have differing accounts of what caused the wreck. Sometimes the medical bills are significantly lower than the insurance policy. Every case is different. Every wreck is different. Every client is different. The only constant is the fact that you will have a huge disadvantage if you choose to go at it alone. Find a legal team that you can trust, that will work hard for you, that will be responsive to you, and that will only ask to be paid if they win for you.

They will be your slingshot.

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